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Nepal

It is a landlocked country between China and India. It is a country of amazing extremes, the world's highest mountain, extends over a third or 800 kilometers traverses through Nepal. Among the 31 prominent Himalayan peaks, 11 are in Nepal including Sagarmatha, 8848 meters, Kanchenjunga, 8586 meters, Lho Tse, 8516 meters, Makalu, 8463 meters, Cho Oyu, 8201 meters, Dhaulagiri, 8167 meters, Manaslu, 8163 meters and Annapurna, 8091 meters. The country is known for the majestic Himalayas, astonishing geographic diversity and beauty, pristine forests, crystal clear lakes, towering peaks and ancient cities. Nepal believed by scholars to be derived from the word “Nepa” which refers to the Newar Kingdom of Kathmandu Valley. Its antiquity can be guessed from Sambat calendar, named after the Newar kingdom and devised 1100 years ago and is still in use. It is commonly is divided into three broad physiographic areas i.e. the Mountain Region, the Hill Region, and the Tarai Region. Nepal experiences five seasons - summer, monsoon, autumn, winter and spring and it is divided into 14 zones and 75 districts. Nepal is a dream destinations and hotspot of mountaineering and trekking, containing some of the highest and most challenging mountains in the world, including Mount Everest.

Tourism is the major source of foreign exchange earning and Kathmandu is the hub of tourism. It started since Mount Everest / Sagarmatha was first climbed by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tensing Sherpa in 1953. The Himalayas have attracted many travelers to Nepal. Mountaineering and hiking are of considerable interest as rafting, canoeing, biking and hand gliding are gradually gaining popularity. Tourism got facilitated with the opening of airways to Kathmandu along with some direct flight from many of the countries. The other factor is easing of travel restrictions. The places of tourist interest are Kathmandu, Biratnagar, Pokhara, Patan and Bhaktapur.

General Information

  • Capital : Kathmandu
  • Coordinates : 27°42′N, 85°19′E
  • Latitude (North) : 27° 42′ 0″ 
  • Longitude (East) : 85° 19′ 0″
  • Bordering States / Countries (E) (W)  (S) : India
  • Bordering States / Countries (N) : China
  • Official languages : Nepali
  • Recognized regional languages : Sherpa, Kiranti Gurung, Tamang, Magar, Maithili, Nepal Bhasa, Bhojpuri, Tharu, Awadhi, etc
  • Demonym : Nepali
  • Government : Federal Republic
  • Kingdom declared : December 21, 1768 
  • State declared : January 15, 2007
  • Republic declared : May 28, 2008 
  • Area : 147,181 square kilometers
  • Population : 29,519,114
  • Density : 184 / kilometers square
  • Currency Rupee : NPR (Nepali Rupee)
  • Time zone : NPT (UTC+5:45)
  • Internet TLD : .np
  • Calling code : + 977

Places of Interest

  • Mount Everest
  • Kathmandu
  • Biratnagar
  • Pokhara
  • Patan
  • Bhaktapur
  • Daman
  • Lumbini
  • Dhulikhel
  • Gorkha
  • Kakani
  • Nagarkot
  • Rapti Valley (Chitwan), etc.

Daman is situated 80 kilometers south - west of Kathmandu on Tribhuvan Highway in between Kathmandu and the town of Birgunj. It is situated at an elevation of about 2,400 meters. It is known for its view of the breathtaking peaks of Himalayas. The view extends from Dhaulagiri to Sagarmatha / Mount Everest.  It is four hours drive from Kathmandu.

Janakpur was the capital of the ancient state of Mithila.  Mythological stories states that Sita the wife of the legendary hero Ram was born in Janakpur. It’s a pilgrimage center and the city is thronged by worshippers and visitors alike especially during the festival of Bibaha Panchami. This annual festival is celebrated on the occasion of Ram and Sita's marriage. There is a Janaki temple in the center of the town.

Entry and exit points for the foreigners entering into Nepal and departing from the country and the immigration offices at these entry and exit points are open 24 hours.

International Airport, Kathmandu, Kakarbhitta (eastern border), Birgunj (south east border), Belhiya, Bhairahawa (Mid south Border), Nepalgunj (south west border), Dhangadi (Far west border), Mahendra Nagar (Far west border) and Kodari in the Nepal Tibet border.

To Reach

Airways - Nepal is the government owned carrier airline and operates more than 30 domestic and 7 international routes. Its base is Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu. There are flights from Bangkok, Vienna, Sharjah, Doha, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Dhaka, Karachi, Soul, Osaka, Shanghai, Paro, Lhasa, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur, Bangalore, New Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta and Varanasi. The operators are Nepal airlines , Thai international Airways, Qatar Airways, Korean air, Saudi Arabian airlines, Indian Airlines, Pakistan International Airlines, Biman Bangladesh, Gulf Air, Air Sahara, Jet Airways, Austrian Air, China south east airlines, China air, Druk Air fly to Nepal regularly. Helicopter charters are becoming increasingly popular in Nepal, especially in tourism sector for sightseeing. Nepal has the following domestic airlines namely Nepal Buddha Air, Kathmandu, Cosmic Air, Gorkha Airlines, Royal Nepal Airlines, Shangri - La Air, Skyline Airways, Yeti Airlines and a host of International carriers.

Railways – Nepal has railway connections with its neighboring country, India. Two stretches of railway are Raxaul (India) to Amlekhganj (Nepal) and the other is Raxaul (India) to Janakpur (Nepal).  Buses are available for Kathmandu from Janakpur and Amlekhganj. All the bordering towns of Indo - Nepal are served by Indian Railway system.

Roadways - Roadways are the only other alternatives. Roads are good and have developed in the last few years. Kathmandu is connected with India through roads. Tourists are allowed to drive their own cars. However, their vehicle must have an international carnet (Transit Regulation).  Buses ply regularly from all the border entry points to Kathmandu. Interior parts of the country are also linked by buses from Kathmandu

Kathmandu
Kathmandu This city is the tourism hub and capital city and one of thee main city situated in the Kathmandu Valley. The other two cities are Lalitpur (Patan) and Bhaktapur (Bhadgaon). Situated at an altitude of 1336 meter, the Kathmandu Valley covers...
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Patan
Patan This is 15 to 20 minutes drive from Kathmandu and is separated by Bagmati River.  This city Lalitpur is the one of the tourism hub situated in the Kathmandu Valley. The other two cities are Kathmandu and Bhaktapur (Bhadgaon). Situated at...
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Bhaktapur
Bhaktapur Situated at an altitude of 1,401 meters covering an area of nearly 4 square miles. It is shaped like a conch - shell. Bhaktapur literary means city of devotees. Pottery and weaving are its traditional industries. The city is nearly 15 kilometers...
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Gorkha
Gorkha It is a scenic hill town with great historical significance, this beautiful township has always remained as the center of attraction for tourist. King Prithvi Narayan Shah, who unified the Kingdom of Nepal during eighteenth century, was born...
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Pokhara
Pokhara Pokhara is the hub of adventure. Pokhara is the initial / final point for most of the treks including the Annapurna Circuit and the Jomsom Trek. The most popular destination among them is Sarangkot at an elevation of 1592 meters. Pokhara is...
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Lumbini
Lumbini It is place in the South - Western Terai of Nepal, evokes a kind of holy sentiment to the millions of Buddhists all over the world. Lord Buddha was born in 623 B.C. in Lumbini, sacred gardens, pools, buildings and groves. It is situated...
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Google Translations
Darjeeling

Darjeeling

This place is also called as the ‘queen of the hills’. This place is invariably a paradise for nature lovers and adventure seekers.

Kaziranga NP

Kaziranga NP

Kaziranga National Park is a Oldest and the most famous sanctuary in Assam bounded by the Brahmaputra river and the Mikir hills in the Golaghat...

Sundarban

Sundarban

Sundarban spreading over an area of 4, 120 square kilometers including water was measured to be 16,000 square kilometers some 200 years ago

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