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West Bengal

Well known as a state of Rabindranath Tagore, the guru who wrote India's National Anthem, the artistic streak of West Bengal does not end at its lyrical musical literature. It finds its undertones extended to everything from the baluchari or cotton handloom sarees, conch shell products to precious silks. Kolkata or Calcutta or 'the city of Joy', is synonymous with mouth-watering street food, love for soccer, 'Baul' style of folk music and centuries of Indian heritage blending effortlessly into a cosmopolitan culture. The fragrant mangrove forests of Sundarbans are the habitat of the famous Royal Bengal Tiger. The state comes alive with colours and festivities during Durga Puja, the most prominent festival of Bengal.

General Information

  • Latitudes : 21o 31' and 27o 14' North
  • Longitudes : 86o 35' and 89o 53' East
  • Area : 89,000 square Kilometers
  • Capital : Kolkata
  • Temperature : 24o C to 40o C in summer & 7o C to 26o C in winter
  • Districts : 19
  • Population : 80,221,171
  • Official Language : Bengali, Hindi, Nepali, English
  • Male Population : 35,510,633
  • Female Population : 32,567,332
  • Population Density : 767/sq km
  • Literacy Rate : 72%
  • Major Railway Station : Sealdah, Howrah, Asansol, New Jalpaiguri, Maldah, Bolpur, Kharagpur, Cooch Behar, Bardhaman
  • Airport : Kolkata, Bagdogra
  • Major Towns : Kolkata, Siliguri, Durgapur, Darjeeling, Asansol, Howrah, Jalpaiguri, Cooch Behar, Bardhaman, Kharagpur
  • Urbanization Ratio : 27.4%
  • Infant Mortality Rate (per 1000) : 55
  • Major Crops : Rice, Wheat, Jute, Tea, Potato, Sugarcane, Pulses, Oilseeds, Forest Products, Betel Leaf
  • Major Industries : Chemicals, Coal, Cotton Textiles, Jute, Paper, Tea, Heavy and Light Engineering, Leather & Footwear, Liquor, Locomotive, Petrochemicals,  Pharmaceuticals, Electrical and Electronics, Software and InfoTech
  • Major Minerals : Coal and china clay, Rock Phosphate, Limestone, Dolomite, Granite

Places to see in West Bengal

Hill Stations: Darjeeling - a quaint hill station connected with a fairytale toy train, Kurseong, Kalimpong, Lava, Loleygaon, Mirik

Heritage: Kolkata, Cooch Behar, Malda, Murshidabad, Bishnupur - famous for its Terracotta Temple, Shantiniketan - a place of learning founded by the Poet and Nobel Laureate Rabindra Nath Tagore, Antpur(Hooghly)

Sea Beaches: Digha, Shankarpur, Mandarmani, Bakkhali, Gangasagar, Frazerganj, Tajpur etc

Adventure Activities in West Bengal

Trekking: Darjeeling - Sandakphu - Phalut or Buxa Tiger Reserve Dooars region of West Bengal in India

Mountaineering and Mountain Biking: Hills around Darjeeling, Kalimpong, and Old Silk Route through Pedong

Rock Climbing: Himalayan Mountaineering Institute – Singamari - Darjeeling

River Rafting: Darjeeling Tarkhola – Malli – Teesta Bazar on the River Teesta

Paragliding – Deolo Hill - Kalimpong and in Darjeeling

Fairs & Festivals of West Bengal

  • Gangasagar Mela (Sagar Island)
  • Kenduli Mela (Kenduli, District Birbhum)
  • Vasanta Utsav (Shantiniketan)
  • Durga Puja & Kali Puja (throughout West Bengal)
  • Jagadhatri Puja (District Hooghly)
  • Poush Mela (Shantiniketan)

Wildlife of Bengal

  • Sunderbans Tiger Reserve
  • Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Buxa Tiger Reserve
  • Gorumara Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Neora Valley National Park
  • Singalila National Park
  • Senchal Wildlife Sanctuary

Pilgrimage / Places of worship in West Bengal

  • Bakranath Temple at Bakreswar (Near Siuri)
  • Balrampur Jain Temple at Balrampur (Near Purulia)
  • Chaitanyadev Temple and Bandel Church at Guptipara (Near Kolkata, Hooghly)
  • Dakshineshwar Kali Temple (Kolkata)
  • Jagannath Temple at Srirampur (Near Kolkata)
  • Kalighat Temple (Kolkata)
  • Tarakeshwar Temple at Tarakeshwar (near Kolkata, Hooghly)
  • Tarapith (One of the Shaktipith Temples dedicated to the mother goddess)
  • Mayapur (Head Quarter of the ISKCON Hare Krishna Movement)
  • Belur Math (Howrah-Head Quarter of the Rama Krishna Mission)

Art, Craft & Culture of Bengal

  • Artistic Leather Craft - Brass & Bell Metal
  • Cane & Bamboo
  • Clay Dolls
  • Dokra Metal Work
  • Masks & Puppets
  • Stone Carving
  • Shell & Conch Shell
  • Wood Carving
  • Leather and Jute Products
  • Kantha Stitch Sarees
  • Zari Work
  • Shola Craft
  • Glass Work
  • Coconut Shell Work
  • Silver Filigree

Dance & Music of Bengal

Chaau Dance (Purulia Region), Santhal Dance, Gambhira Dance (Malda District),Tusu Parab, Jhumar, Raibense Dance, Mech, Rawa, Baul, Bhawaiya

Cuisine of Bengal

Macher Jhol, Daal, Maangsho, Begun Bhaja, Muri Ghanta, Chorchori, Dalna, Shondesh, Rosogolla, Pantua, Chomchom, Pitha or Pithe, Jilapi, Kalo Jam, Chhanar Murkhi, Rajbogh, Paesh, Raghobshai, Shor Bhaja, Mishti Doi, Malpoa

Connectivity of Bengal

By Air: The state has an international airport in Kolkata, the state capital and another airport at Bagdogra near Siliguri, in northern Bengal.

By Rail: Howrah and Sealdah near Kolkata and New Jalpaiguri, close to Siliguri, are key railway stations in the state covered extensively by rail.

By Road: An extensive road network covers the entire state. A number of National Highways and State Highways crisscross the land.

Important Information

STD Code: Kolkata 033, Darjeeling 0354, Kalimpong 03552, Siliguri 0353

Summer: March to June
Monsoon: June to September
Winter: October to February

Main Languages : Bengali, Hindi, English, Nepali

Kolkata
Kolkata Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) is situated at the east bank of the river Bhagirathi, a major tributary of river Ganges. It is the capital of the state of West Bengal. The city is also called as the city of slums, city of political processions...
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Hoogly
Hooghly Hooghly is one of the nineteen districts of West Bengal and the name is derived from Hoogly river. The name is alternatively spelt as Hugli or Hoogli. Chinsurah is the district headquarter and there are 4 sub division of this distruct. Namely...
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Midnapore
Midnapore Midnapore is the district headquarters of Paschim Medinipur district of the Indian state of West Bengal and is situated on the banks of the Kangsabati River. The region had a significant role in India's freedom struggle. Vegetation incluces...
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Bankura
Bankura Bankura district is one of the seven districts of Burdwan Division in the Indian state of West Bengal.  It is a beautiful district, situated on the banks of Dwarakeshwar and covers an area of over 6881 square kilometers. The district has...
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Sundarban
Sundarban Sundarban spreading over an area of 4, 120 square kilometers including water was measured to be 16,000 square kilometers some 200 years ago . It is a must visit place for nature lovers. 42 kilometers away from Kolkata a place, Canning...
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Nadia
Nadia Nadia district is a district of the state of West Bengal,India. The district is borders with Bangladesh to the east, North 24 Parganas and Hooghly districts to the south, Bardhaman district to the west and Murshidabad district to the north.Nabadwip...
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Shantiniketan
Shantiniketan The name means the abode of peace. Situated at a distance of 212 kilometers from Kolkata, the place is a meditation centre which was founded by Maharshi Debendranath Tagore, father of the Nobel Laureate famous Bengali poet Rabindranath...
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Malda
Malda The Malda region is a major crossroads different empires and religious sects. Two ancient capitals of Bengal, Gaur & Pandua are here in this region of West Bengal. Many of the attractions of this region are in ruins today. Malda...
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Murshidabad
Murshidabad It was once upon a time the capital of Bengal, Bihar, Orissa and the place of the Nawabs. Situated at a distance of 215 kilometers from Kolkata the place is the last independent state before the East India Company occupies India in 1757....
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Kulik Bird Sanctuary
Kulik Bird Sanctuary Situated at a distance of 8 kilometers from Raiganj, and 85 kilometers from Malda is spread over an area of 35 acre and buffer area of 286.23 acre. This bird sanctuary is a natural habitat for Open Bill Stork, Night Heron,...
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Siliguri
Siliguri Siliguri is situated at a distance of 613 kilometers from Kolkata. This city is the gateway of the North East India, Nepal, Bhutan & Bangladesh. This is the second largest city in West Bengal. Siliguri is well connected with...
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Darjeeling
Darjeeling This place is also called as the ‘queen of the hills’. This place is invariably a paradise for nature lovers and adventure seekers. Darjeeling means ‘abode of god’ in Lepcha dialect. Darjeeling is one of the...
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Kalimpong
Kalimpong Situated at a distance of 51 kilometers, 75 kilometers and 69 kilometers from Darjeeling, Gangtok & Siliguri respectively, the town has an altitude of 1250 mount unlike the rush and the big name like Darjeeling, Kalimpong offers...
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Duars or Dooars
Duars or Dooars The Duars, where nature has kept her doors wide open. To the north are the east Himalayas as a natural backdrop. Duars is one of the very few places left in the country where nature is so lavish of her green facilities. The unending...
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Google Translations
Darjeeling

Darjeeling

This place is also called as the ‘queen of the hills’. This place is invariably a paradise for nature lovers and adventure seekers.

Kaziranga NP

Kaziranga NP

Kaziranga National Park is a Oldest and the most famous sanctuary in Assam bounded by the Brahmaputra river and the Mikir hills in the Golaghat...

Sundarban

Sundarban

Sundarban spreading over an area of 4, 120 square kilometers including water was measured to be 16,000 square kilometers some 200 years ago

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